Study on the role of the maritime industry in establishing a German hydrogen industry

The German Maritime Centre has commissioned a study to define the tasks for the maritime industry and public sector in establishing the hydrogen industry, from production to storage and transport to the consumer.

 

Alternatives to fossil energy sources make sense from an environmental point of view and are also increasingly seen as a competitive advantage. The European Union’s recently announced climate goal of reducing greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030 speaks a clear language.

Hydrogen is considered one of the most important energy sources of the future. The question of its use in different industries is being intensively discussed. In the maritime sector – for example, on ships – the use of renewable energies can make an important contribution to the climate protection strategy.

In its National Hydrogen Strategy, the German federal government has emphasised hydrogen’s versatility as an energy source and storage medium and set itself the goal of establishing hydrogen and hydrogen-based synthetic fuels as alternative energy sources and developing the transport and distribution infrastructure.

The coastal states have adopted a North German Hydrogen Strategy in which they announce plans to develop a green hydrogen industry by 2035 and to install at least 5 gigawatts of electrolysis capacity for the production of green hydrogen by 2030. In this context, seaports play a central role in the import, production and distribution of hydrogen.

The German Maritime Centre has commissioned a study to define the tasks for the maritime industry and public sector in establishing the hydrogen industry, from production to storage and transport to the consumer. The study considers the use of hydrogen technology in all sub-sectors of the maritime industry, including seaports as hydrogen consumers, sites for test facilities and industrial  locations as well as ships and the production of offshore wind energy.

The contextual conditions, key facts and figures, and the requirements to be studied should relate to the goals of the National Hydrogen Strategy and the North German Hydrogen Strategy as well as to the implementation of the Wind Energy Act as amended in 2020; it should also look at the prospects for success of the investigated measures for CO2 avoidance.

The study will describe the necessary amendments to laws and regulations governing the production, use and transport of green hydrogen and hydrogen-based liquid fuels. It will also examine the need for further technical, economic and legal research regarding various hydrogen products. The role of shipbuilding, shipping and ports for transport, transhipment, storage and use will be assessed and further needs for action will be identified.

Four work packages are planned:

  • An analysis of the National Hydrogen Strategy, the EU Hydrogen Strategy and the North German Hydrogen Strategy
  • An identification of contextual conditions and highlighting of different process chains in dealing with hydrogen technologies
  • A determination of key facts and figures, requirements and capacities for the replacement of fossil energy sources with the aid of hydrogen technologies
  • A definition of requirements for research and implementation needs as well as for new regulations

The tendering process operated via a non-formal competitive procedure according to Section 50 of the Regulation on Sub-threshold Procurement (UVgO) for which, analogous to the competitive procurement procedure according to the UVgO, individual regulations were used, in particular regarding the execution of the procedure and the evaluation. The Institute of Shipping Economics and Logistics (ISL) has been awarded the contract. The period of performance is 4 months.

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